How Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources Positively Impacts Automated Prior Authorizations

With CMS issuing the final rule on Interoperability and Patient Access on January 15, 2021, Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) will standardize the exchange of healthcare information across most applications. From EHR/EMRs, mobile apps, cloud communications, and even wearable devices, how will this impact your prior authorizations and the advanced automation needed to streamline the process?

How Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) Positively Impact Automated Prior Authorizations

With the insurance industry unrelenting on requirements impacting the prior authorization process, hospitals and practices continue to struggle with a burdensome and redundant pre-authorization system that has significant operational implications. But now, with Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) a viable alternative, advancing the constructive, safe, and secure communications between administrative and clinical information systems for prior authorizations is within reach and will have positive industry-wide implications.

The Standardized Exchange of Healthcare Information

With the Final Interoperability and Prior Authorization Rule issued on January 15, 2021, by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)1Reducing Provider and Patient Burden by Improving Prior Authorization Processes, and Promoting Patients’ Electronic Access to Health Information. Health Informatics and Interoperability Group, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, CMS.gov. January 15, 2021. https://www.cms.gov/Regulations-and-Guidance/Guidance/Interoperability/index. Accessed on January 15, 2021., expect innovation to accelerate on internet-based interfaces that create a framework to extend and adapt resources for prior authorization processing. One component of the rule initiates the next phase of interoperability to improve data exchange and reduce provider and patient burden while standardizing the exchange of healthcare information across most applications, i.e., EHR/EMR’s, mobile apps, cloud communications, and even wearable devices.

While the Final Rule was issued in January 2021, they are exercising enforcement discretion until July 1, 2021, due to the COVID-19 public health emergency. This rule will impact Medicare Advantage, Medicaid, CHIPs, and Qualified Health Plans offered on the Federally-Facilitated Exchanges. One component of the rule initiates the next phase of interoperability to improve data exchange and reduce provider and patient burden.

Defining FHIR with Prior Authorizations

Data exchange between payers and providers can be arduous, complex, and often requires manual intervention for things like patient records and clinical results. For prior authorizations specifically, this creates additional administrative workflow on top of an already cumbersome system when payers request supporting patient detail.

Essentially, much like using the internet allows you to access a URL and complete tasks using a standard browser running on any device, FHIR hopes to do the same by using internet-based uniformity to communicate healthcare data standards between payer and payee. The goal is to enhance the data exchange by removing the complexities of diverse technical standards in data management systems used by payers, providers, and healthcare systems by creating a “universal” vehicle.

Developed by HL7, FHIR “leverages existing logical and theoretical models to provide a consistent, easy to implement, and rigorous mechanism for exchanging data between healthcare applications.” Like when using URLs, FHIR makes it possible to share information between systems regardless of the software being used and encourages developers to standardize browser applications to enable access.

Can Prior Authorizations Be Brought Under Control Using FHIR?

It doesn’t matter if you’ve recently completed your training or have been a board-certified specialist for many years; prior authorizations are a necessary frustration that can’t be avoided. For a growing number of procedures, tests, and medications, insurance companies will require providers to document the necessity of treatment before agreeing to reimburse.

Prior authorizations create frustration in a variety of ways, including:

  • delaying patient care for up to three or more weeks
  • causing a provider to alter their treatment plan for expediency
  • being more susceptible to review and rejection because of insurance company bias
  • being administratively burdensome taking several hours to several weeks to complete
  • negatively impacting the scheduling process and, ultimately, the patient experience

Will FHIR Enhance Electronic Prior Authorizations?

As reported in the 2020 CAQH Index,22020 CAQH Index, Closing the Gap: The Industry Continues to Improve, But Opportunities for Automation Remain. CAQH Explorations. 2021. https://www.caqh.org/. Accessed on February 3, 2021. 79% of prior authorizations are still done manually, and there remains tremendous efficiencies to be gained as more and more providers and healthcare systems convert to electronic prior authorizations. However, even with electronic adoption at 100%, there would continue to be the manual process required to submit the requested patient records to insurance payers to validate the various payer inquiries.

As part of the CMS’s final rule that creates a foundation for data sharing, the Office of National Coordinator for Health IT (ONC) contributed the technical standard that adopts FHIR 4.0.1 standards and requires certified patient records vendors to incorporate the standard by January 2022. Groups like Infinx are developing complementary prior authorization technologies poised for use as EHR/EMR vendors upgrade their products.

3 Ideas to Make Prior Authorization More Effective

Regardless of the industry stakeholder intention, it doesn’t appear that prior authorizations will go away completely. Instead it’s more likely that insurance companies will reign supreme, and they will continue in some (hopefully) streamlined form.

No matter how frustrating, prior authorizations do seem to help curb healthcare costs. So the question may be how to make them effective in a hospital or practice while reducing the administrative burden/costs and improving revenue? Here are three ways to make the process more functional:

  1. Always submit organized, clear documentation — Implement a protocol or EHR/EMR template that ensures comprehensive documentation. Understand and stay ahead of what they will request making sure to fully complete prior authorization paperwork.

  2. Be prepared for clinical review — Most insurance payers will elongate the approval process calling for clinical review or outright reject the request. Be ready to submit organized, concise, well-articulated appeals with all supporting information.

    Under the Affordable Care Act, all insurance payers are required to have an appeal process in place. Ask for a 72-hour expedited or urgent review to speed the process along even further.

  3. Consider a fully-automated prior authorization process — Engaging advanced automation means using AI-assisted software that is secure, comprehensive, and fully electronic. Linked through FHIR to the EHR/EMR system, prior authorization information can be collected, submitted, and followed up 24/7 in real-time.

When using a fully automated prior authorization system that maximizes FHIR, there is a significant opportunity to reduce administrative time and costs, and schedule patients much more efficiently. If an appeal is needed, an automated system would generate and submit the appeal based on pre-defined parameters utilizing the appropriate documentation.

Improving the Overall Prior Authorizations Process

Using up-to-the-minute advanced automation, a prior authorization software that uses artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning capabilities technology, maybe the most beneficial solution.

To outline, advanced automation and AI-driven software can be integrated bi-directionally with the hospital or practice’s EHR/EMR and the billing system being used for client management through cloud-based FHIR technology. As soon as the patient’s order is input, tests or medications requiring prior authorizations would be electronically identified, provider/facility detail, patient demographics, and test/diagnosis information would be collected, and an approval request submitted to the insurance payer portal required.

AI-driven software with machine learning capabilities would access continually updated insurance information clearinghouses storing thousands of insurance groups and plans. Each with their unique guidelines and requirements, and electronically determine the prior authorization parameters for routing the request. Prior authorization approvals that once took between a couple of hours to several days or weeks can now be accomplished in seconds with a 98+% accuracy rate as documented in Healthcare IT News, which outlines RadNet’s successes using Infinx’s Prior Authorization Software solution.3Siwicki, B. At RadNet, AI-Fueled Prior Authorization Tech Shows Promise. Healthcare IT News, Global Edition, Imaging. May 6, 2019. https://www.healthcareitnews.com/news/radnet-ai-fueled-prior-authorization-tech-99-accurate. Accessed August 2, 2020.

Let’s take a focused look at the workflow of automated prior authorizations:

  • Initial Processing — From the moment patient information is entered into the EHR/EMR system; guided processes monitor key identifiers to initiate the prior authorization. Matching ordered tests or medications with constantly updating insurance prior authorization requirements, the system stands ready to gather the required information and submit the request in real-time.

    Business or clinical staff no longer must manually process forms, wait on hold, or fax repeatedly can refocus their time on higher-level functions.

  • Continual Follow-Up — Once the prior authorization approval has been submitted, electronic follow up occurs 24/7 until a final resolution is obtained. If additional information is required or an appeal is necessary, the practice is notified immediately so that a response can be crafted and submitted as soon as possible.

  • Dashboard Notifications — Waiting for insurance payer responses has historically been a time-consuming affair that took hours of follow up and burdensome administrative effort.With an interactive dashboard, today’s AI-driven software gives a hospital or practice snapshot clarity on all active prior authorization requests so that patient and clinician questions can be answered immediately and follow up can occur as necessary.

  • Scheduling — Alleviating the frustrations of scheduling and reschedule patients based on prior authorizations, a hospital department or practice would have much more accurate parameters to allow a more efficient process for everyone improving the patient’s experience and allowing the providers to focus on providing care.

  • A/R and Claims Management — With less prior authorization problems comes less rejected or denied claims, possibly up to 31% fewer according to MGMA, and more revenue is hitting the bottom line.4Ibid. 2 As a bonus, AI-driven software exists that handles denied claims like the Infinx Prior Authorization Software solution with a >95% quality standard, according to Infinx.

  • Analytics and Reporting — Bringing full transparency to future operations, timely analytics and reporting pinpoint any breakdowns in efficiency or areas needing improvement so that future patients benefit from an even better experience.

Privacy & FHIR

Two main security concerns seem to dominate the FHIR discussion. First, is an internet-based system safe for confidential medical information? FHIR-based technology brings the same privacy and security benefits that we currently enjoy with banks and retail websites. As long as security measures are incorporated as a standard during development, there is no reason why FHIR can’t be more secure than some current systems.

And second, how can you manage the level of access that payers have to patient information? While payers want all the information available, providers and healthcare organizations should only share the data required to meet medical necessity. FHIR brings flexibility in defining payer-specific required data fields and will ensure that payers receive the necessary patient data while protecting remaining information from further disclosure.

Using the scalable Infinx Prior Authorization Software solution, a Health Level 7 (HL7) or Application Program Interface (API) based integration can be created, and is compatible with all leading EHR/EMR and billing systems. The Infinx Prior Authorization Software embeds all Patient Health Information (PHI) in layers of security that is Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) compliant and stores the data on the cloud using 64-bit and 256-bit encryption that guarantees 100% HIPAA compliance.5Napco’s iBridge Technology Named Top Innovation of 2014 by Security Sales & Integration Magazine – Recurring Revenue Model Makes iBridge a Top Choice for Security Dealers. January 13, 2015. http://investor.napcosecurity.com/2015-01-13-NAPCOs-iBridge-Technology-Named-Top-Innovation-of-2014-by-Security-Sales-Integration-Magazine. Accessed on February 3, 2020., 6Integrating Prior Authorization Solution with Epic PMS While Protecting PHI at a Pennsylvania Hospital Group. Infinx Case Study. 2018. https://www.infinx.com/resource-casestudy/integrating-preauthorization-solution-with-epic-pms-lt/. Accessed on February 2, 2020.

The Bottom Line

Being able to share data between payers and healthcare providers has several advantages, including optimizing a value-based payment system through easily shared data and building more collaborative relations within the complex third-party payer structure.7Diesing, G. A Pathway to Clinical and Administrative Data Integration, Health Data Features. Journal of the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA). September 8, 2020. https://journal.ahima.org/a-pathway-to-clinical-and-administrative-data-integration/. Accessed on September 16, 2020.

When we look specifically at prior authorizations, FHIR coupled with Infinx’s augmented intelligence solution creates a comprehensive and intelligent system that reduces redundant workflow, captures additional revenue, and improves the patient experience by reducing dissatisfaction and potential abandonment of care due to the protracted prior authorization approvals process.

Contact Infinx to schedule a demo and learn more about our evolving Prior Authorizations Software solution program.

Let’s Optimize Your Prior Authorization Workflow

Schedule a call with our team to learn how our solution can help accelerate your prior authorization processing.

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